Run a bit of R code using rmarkdown::render() and write the rendered result to user's clipboard. The goal is to make it easy to share a small reproducible example ("reprex"), e.g., in a GitHub issue. Reprex source can be

  • read from clipboard

  • read from current selection or active document in RStudio (with reprex_addin())

  • provided directly as expression, character vector, or string

  • read from file

reprex(x = NULL, input = NULL, outfile = NULL, venue = c("gh", "so",
  "ds", "r"), advertise = opt(TRUE), si = opt(FALSE), style = opt(FALSE),
  show = opt(TRUE), comment = opt("#>"), opts_chunk = NULL,
  opts_knit = NULL, tidyverse_quiet = opt(TRUE), std_out_err = opt(FALSE),
  render = TRUE)



An expression. If not given, reprex() looks for code in input or on the clipboard, in that order.


Character. If has length one and lacks a terminating newline, interpreted as the path to a file containing reprex code. Otherwise, assumed to hold reprex code as character vector.


Optional basename for output files. When NULL (default), reprex writes to temp files below the session temp directory. If outfile = "foo", expect output files in current working directory, like foo_reprex.R,, and, if venue = "r", foo_rendered.R. If outfile = NA, expect output files in a location and with basename derived from input, if sensible, or in current working directory with basename derived from tempfile() otherwise.


Character. Must be one of the following:

  • "gh" for GitHub, the default

  • "so" for Stack Overflow

  • "ds" for Discourse, e.g., Note: this is currently just an alias for "gh"!

  • "r" or "R" for a runnable R script, with commented output interleaved


Logical. Whether to include a footer that describes when and how the reprex was created. Read more about opt().


Logical. Whether to include devtools::session_info(), if available, or sessionInfo() at the end of the reprex. When venue is "gh" or "ds", the session info is wrapped in a collapsible details tag. Read more about opt().


Logical. Whether to style code with styler::style_text(). Read more about opt().


Logical. Whether to show rendered output in a viewer (RStudio or browser). Read more about opt().


Character. Prefix with which to comment out output, defaults to "#>". Read more about opt().

opts_chunk, opts_knit

Named list. Optional knitr chunk and package options that are forwarded to knitr::opts_chunk$set() and knitr::opts_knit$set(), respectively.


Logical. Sets the option tidyverse.quiet, which suppresses (TRUE, the default) or includes (FALSE) the startup message for the tidyverse package. Read more about opt().


Logical. Whether to append a section for output sent to stdout and stderr by the reprex rendering process. This can be necessary to reveal output if the reprex spawns child processes or system() calls. Note this cannot be properly interleaved with output from the main R process, nor is there any guarantee that the lines from standard output and standard error are in correct chronological order. See callr::r_safe() for more. Read more about opt().


Logical. Whether to render the reprex or just create the templated .R file. Defaults to TRUE. Mostly for internal testing purposes.


Character vector of rendered reprex, invisibly.


The usual "code + commented output" is returned invisibly, put on the clipboard, and written to file. An HTML preview displays in RStudio's Viewer pane, if available, or in the default browser, otherwise. Leading "> " prompts, are stripped from the input code. Read more at

reprex sets specific knitr options, which you can supplement or override via the opts_chunk and opts_knit arguments or via explicit calls to knitr in your reprex code (see examples). If all you want to override is the comment option, use the dedicated argument, e.g.commment = "#;-)".

  • Chunk options default to collapse = TRUE, comment = "#>", error = TRUE. Note that error = TRUE, because a common use case is bug reporting.

  • reprex also sets knitr's It defaults to knitr::imgur_upload() so figures produced by the reprex appear properly on GitHub, Stack Overflow, or Discourse. Note that this function requires the packages httr & xml2 or RCurl & XML, depending on your knitr version. When venue = "r", is set to identity, so that figures remain local. In that case, you may also want to set outfile.


# put some code like this on the clipboard
# (y <- 1:4)
# mean(y)

# provide code as an expression
reprex(rbinom(3, size = 10, prob = 0.5))
reprex({y <- 1:4; mean(y)})
reprex({y <- 1:4; mean(y)}, style = TRUE)

# note that you can include newlines in those brackets
# in fact, that is often a good idea
  x <- 1:4
  y <- 2:5
  x + y

## provide code via character vector
reprex(input = c("x <- 1:4", "y <- 2:5", "x + y"))

## if just one line, terminate with '\n'
reprex(input = "rnorm(3)\n")

## customize the output comment prefix
reprex(rbinom(3, size = 10, prob = 0.5), comment = "#;-)")

# override a default chunk option, in general
reprex({(y <- 1:4); median(y)}, opts_chunk = list(collapse = FALSE))
# the above is simply shorthand for this and produces same result
  #+ setup, include = FALSE
  knitr::opts_chunk$set(collapse = FALSE)

  #+ actual-reprex-code
  (y <- 1:4)

# add prose, use general markdown formatting
  #' # A Big Heading
  #' Look at my cute example. I love the
  #' [reprex]( package!
  y <- 1:4
}, advertise = FALSE)

# read reprex from file
tmp <- file.path(tempdir(), "foofy.R")
writeLines(c("x <- 1:4", "mean(x)"), tmp)
reprex(input = tmp)

# read from file and write to similarly-named outfiles
reprex(input = tmp, outfile = NA)
list.files(dirname(tmp), pattern = "foofy")

# clean up
file.remove(list.files(dirname(tmp), pattern = "foofy", full.names = TRUE))

# write rendered reprex to file
tmp <- file.path(tempdir(), "foofy")
  x <- 1:4
  y <- 2:5
  x + y
}, outfile = tmp)
list.files(dirname(tmp), pattern = "foofy")

# clean up
file.remove(list.files(dirname(tmp), pattern = "foofy", full.names = TRUE))

# write reprex to file AND keep figure local too, i.e. don't post to imgur
tmp <- file.path(tempdir(), "foofy")
  #' Some prose
  ## regular comment
  (x <- 1:4)
  }, outfile = tmp, opts_knit = list( = identity))
list.files(dirname(tmp), pattern = "foofy")

# clean up
  list.files(dirname(tmp), pattern = "foofy", full.names = TRUE),
  recursive = TRUE

## target venue = Stack Overflow
ret <- reprex({
  x <- 1:4
  y <- 2:5
  x + y
}, venue = "so")

## target venue = R, also good for email or Slack snippets
ret <- reprex({
  x <- 1:4
  y <- 2:5
  x + y
}, venue = "R")

## include prompt and don't comment the output
## use this when you want to make your code hard to execute :)
  x <- 1:4
  y <- 2:5
  x + y
}, opts_chunk = list(comment = NA, prompt = TRUE))

## leading prompts are stripped from source
reprex(input = c("> x <- 1:3", "> median(x)"))
# }